01 AUGUST 2019 – CURRENT AFFAIRS FOR UPSC

Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage), Bill 2019

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Context:

  • Parliament has passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 criminalising triple talaq.
  • After President Kovind signs the bill, it will become the law and will replace the 1986 Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act.

HIGHLIGHTS:

  • Rajya Sabha passes the triple talaq bill with 99 t0 84 votes
  • Lok Sabha had passed the bill last week as Opposition walked out
  • Triple talaq bill makes instant triple talaq a crime with three years in jail.

Background:

  • The Supreme Court’s judgment in the Shayara Bano case held that the practice of talaq-e-biddat (or triple talaq) unconstitutional.
  • Government passed Muslim protection Bill also known as, Triple Talaq Bill in Lok Sabha but there have been criticism about the legal and procedural aspects of the bill.

Motor vehicle amendment bill

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Recent news:

  • The RajyaSabha passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment), Bill, 2019 with some amendments. The bill was passed yesterday with 108 members voting in favour of the bill and 13 against.

Highlights of the report:

  • Provisions related to increasing penalties of traffic violations, addressing issues on third-party insurance, regulation of cab aggregators and road safety are proposed in the amendment.
  • The Bill proposes a scheme to allow cashless treatment of victims in a road accident during the golden hour.
  • The Bill proposes to increase the minimum compensation for hit and run cases.
  • In case of the death, the compensation has been raised from 25 thousand to two lakh rupees, and in case of grievous injury, it will be from 12 thousand 500 to 50 thousand rupees.

 


India and U.S. very close to resolving all trade issues

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Recent news:

  • India’s Commerce Minister is planning to meet the U.S. Trade Representative.They will hold talks to resolve the differences over trade and investment.

Background:

  • The Indian government is demanding greater market access in the U.S. for dairy products,medical devices and information and communication technology(ICT) services.On the other hand,the US is demanding increased market access on a wider range of products in India.
  • India and the United States had differences over a range of issues like

(a) India’s new rules on e-commerce that affected firms such as Amazon and Walmart

(b) Data localisation rules which forced foreign companies to store their data locally and

(c)Trade imbalance between India and the US.

  • India has also imposed long pending retaliatory tariffs on 29 US products after US had withdrawn Generalized system of preferences (GSP) for Indian exporters.

Generalized system of preferences:

  • GSP is a preferential tariff system extended by developed countries to developing countries.
  • It is a preferential arrangement in the sense that it allows concessional low/zero tariff imports from developing countries.

OBC sub-categorisation panel

  • The Union Cabinet has approved the extension of the term of the Other Backward Classes(OBCs) panel headed by BP Sharma.
  • The panel was formed to review the creamy layer criteria for OBCs set by the Prasad Committee in 1993.
  • The committee is supposed to work out a mechanism,criteria,norms and parameters for the sub-categorisation within the OBCs in the Central list so that the benefits of reservation are distributed equitably.
  • Other Backward Class(OBC) is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are socially and educationally disadvantaged.
  • In 1980,Mandal Commission was set up by the erstwhile government.It estimated the OBC population at 52% and classified 1,257 communities as backward.It recommended increasing the existing quotas which were only for SC/ST,from 22.5% to 49.5% to include the OBCs.Its recommendations were implemented by the then government in 1990.
  • In Indra Sawhney case,the Supreme court had upheld the caste-based reservation for the OBCs as valid.The court had also said the creamy layer of OBCs should not get the benefits of reservation.
  • At present,27% quota in government jobs and educational institutions is given to OBCs,provided the annual income of the family is up to Rs 8 lakh.

 

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