MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 01

1) Consider the following statements about “NASA’s Psyche mission”:

i)The primary target of this mission to be launched in 2022 by NASA is to study about the metallic asteroid psyche16 

ii)The study will also give an insight to earth’s violent history of collisions and accretion that created it.

iii)Asteroid 16 Psyche is located between Mars and Jupiter

Which of the above statements are true?

a)1&2

b)1only

c)2&3only

d)1,2,3

SOLUTION – d)1,2,3

A recent study at National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has found out that asteroid 16 Psyche, which orbits between Mars and Jupiter, could be made entirely of metal and is worth an estimated 10,000 quadrillion USD

About Asteroid 16 Psyche:-Asteroid 16 Psyche is located 370 million kilometers away from earth between Mars and Jupiter and has a diameter of 140 miles.Unlike most asteroids that are made up of rocks or ice, scientists believe that Psyche is a dense and largely metallic object thought to be the core of an earlier planet that failed formation.

NASA’s Psyche mission:

The primary target of the Psyche mission to be launched in 2022 by NASA is to study this asteroid completely and confirm the assumptions being made by the scientists.Psyche mission will be the first mission to investigate this metallic asteroid. Psyche spacecraft will land on the asteroid in early 2026.

2) Consider the following statements about Panna tiger reserve.

i)It is situated in the Vindhyas, at the confluence of two distinct biogeographic regions

ii)Panna is the fourth biosphere reserve to be included in the World network of biosphere reserves from Madhya Pradesh

Which of the above statements are true?

a)1 only

b)2only

c)Both 1 and 2

d)Neither 1 nor 2

SOLUTION- d) Neither 1 nor 2

Panna tiger Reserve is situated in the Vindhyas nearer to the confluence of the Deccan peninsula,Upper gangetic Plain and semi-arid Gujarat Rajputana reflecting the influence of three bio-geographic regions.It is the third biosphere reserve included in World network of biosphere reserves from Madhya Pradesh after Pachmarhi and Amarkantak

3) With respect to the procedure of presidential elections in USA and India,consider the following statements

i)President of India is only the head of the state whereas the President of USA is both the head of the state and head of government

ii)President of India holds the office for 5years and is eligible for re-election any number of times

 iii)President of USA holds the office for 4years and can see seek re-election more than once

Which of the above statements are true?

a)iii only

b)ii only

c)i and ii only

d)ii and iii only

SOLUTION-c)i and ii only

 

PRESIDENT OF INDIA PRESIDENT OF USA
ELECTION PROCEDURE Indirect election (Proportional representation with means of a single transferable vote)

President is elected by the electoral college of elected members of both the houses of parliament,elected members of state legislatures and elected members of the legislative assemblies of Delhi and Puducherry

Indirect election-citizens cast their ballot in every state to elect members of the electoral college (popular vote) who in turn cast electoral votes to determine the President
TERM OF THE OFFICE Holds the office for 5years and is eligible for re-election any number of times Holds the office for 4years and he can seek re-election only once
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS President is only the head of the state.His powers and functions can be studies under following heads-executive,legislative.financial, judicial,diplomatic,military,emergency  President is both the head of state and head of government.He is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by congress.

 

4) Recently a new genus of tree frog is discovered in which region of India?

a)Western Ghats

b)Eastern ghats

c)Minicoy islands in Lakshadweep

d)Andaman & Nicobar and Northeast

 

SOLUTION – D)Andaman & Nicobar and Northeast

 

Researchers have found a new genus of frogs in Andaman & Nicobar and Northeast

Genus has been named Rohanixalus .

A genus is a category of classification of animals,plants above a species and below a family.It can include one or many similar species

 

5) Which of the following are not true about “INS Vagir”

a)It is the fifth among the six kalvari class submarines being constructed by Mazagon Dock ltd

b)It has the capability of operating  in anti-warship and anti-submarine operations,intelligence gathering and naval mine laying

a.) a only

b.) b only

c.) Both a and b

d.) Neither a nor b

SOLUTION – D) Neither a nor b

  • It is the fifth among the six kalvari class submarines being constructed by Mazagon Dock ltd.Other vessels in the class are INS Kalvari, INS Khanderi, INSKaranj,INS Vela and INS Vagsheer(under construction)
  • Its design is based on Scorpene class of submarines with technology transfer from Mazagon Dock ltd, France.It has the capability of operating  in a wide variety of Naval combat including anti-warship and anti-submarine operations,intelligence gathering and naval mine laying

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