1.) Pratas islands have emerged as a new flash point in South china sea.It is located in

• Taiwan
•South korea


The Pratas Islands are located in the northern part of the South China Sea under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China (Taiwan), closer to China’s mainland coast than to the island of Taiwan.
Historically, the Pratas Islands have attracted little attention, but as the importance of the South China Sea has increased, so too has the strategic relevance of the Pratas Islands. If China controlled the Pratas Islands, the islands could function as a gatekeeper to monitor U.S. and other countries’ ships and aircraft entering the South China Sea from the Pacific Ocean.

2.) With reference to Mahakavi Subramanya Bharati, consider the following statements:

a)He was involved with the extremist wing of the Indian National Congress.

b)He participated in the Surat Session of Indian National Congress in 1907.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A.1 only
B.2 only
C.Both 1 and 2
D.Neither 1 nor 2

SOLUTION-C.Both 1 and 2

•Recently, the Prime Minister has addressed the International Bharati Festival 2020, virtually organised by the Vanavil Cultural Centre (Tamil Nadu). The event celebrates the 138th birth anniversary (11th December 2020) of Tamil poet and writer Mahakavi Subramanya Bharati.
Involvement during Nationalist Period:
•After 1904, he joined the Tamil daily newspaper Swadesamitran.

•This exposure to political affairs led to his involvement in the extremist wing of the Indian National Congress (INC) party. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

•In order to proclaim its revolutionary ardour, Bharathi had the weekly newspaper named ‘India’ printed in red paper.

•It was the first paper in Tamil Nadu to publish political cartoons.

•He also published and edited a few other journals like “Vijaya”.

•He attended the annual sessions of INC and discussed national issues with extremist leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal, B.G. Tilak and V.V.S. Iyer.

•His participation and activities in Benaras Session (1905) and Surat Session (1907) of the INC impressed many national leaders for his patriotic fervour. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

3.) Which of the following is not correct regarding the Indus Valley Civilization?

A)The metal money was not in use and trade was carried by the barter system.

B)The Indus people were the earliest people to produce cotton.

C)The people were very well acquainted with the use of Bronze, copper and Iron.

D)The use of animal products was prevalent in the food habit of the Indus people.

SOLUTION-C.The people were very well acquainted with the use of Bronze, copper and Iron.

•The history of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as Harappan Civilization.

•The importance of trade in the life of the Indus people is witnessed by the presence of numerous seals, uniform script and regulated weights and measures in a wide area.

•The Harappans carried on considerable trade in stone, metal, shell, etc.

•Metal money was not used and trade was carried by the barter system.

•They practised navigation on the coast of the Arabian Sea.

•They had set up a trading colony in northern Afghanistan which evidently facilitated trade with Central Asia. Hence, option A is correct.

•The Harappan villages, mostly situated near the flood plains, produced sufficient foodgrains.

•Wheat, barley, rai, peas, sesame, lentil, chickpea and mustard were produced. Millets are also found from sites in Gujarat. While rice uses were relatively rare.

•The Indus people were the earliest people to produce cotton.

•While the prevalence of agriculture is indicated by finds of grain, it is more difficult to reconstruct actual agricultural practices. Hence, option B is correct.

•The Harappans were very well acquainted with the manufacturing and use of Bronze.

•The Harappans did not know the use of Iron. Iron was not discovered by the Harappan people. Since it was a bronze age civilization, it had made many metallurgical advances in copper and bronze but not in Iron. Hence, option C is not correct.

•As per a study published in the Journal of Archaeological Science, the diet of the people of Indus Valley civilization had a dominance of meat, including extensive eating of beef.

•The study finds the dominance of animal products such as meat of pigs, cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat, as well as dairy products, from rural and urban settlements of Indus Valley civilization. Hence, option D is correct

4.) With reference to Climate Ambition Summit, consider the following statements:

1)It aims to set out new and ambitious commitments under the Paris Agreement.

2)It is being hosted by G20 in partnership with major environmental non profit organisations.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A.1 only
B.2 only
C.Both 1 and 2
D.Neither 1 nor 2


The Climate Ambition Summit 2020 will mark the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement, and will provide a platform for government and non-governmental leaders to demonstrate their commitment to the Paris Agreement and the multilateral process.
It aims to set out new and ambitious commitments under the three pillars of the Paris Agreement that are mitigation, adaptation and finance commitments.
It will be hosted by the United Nations, United Kingdom and France in partnership with Chile and Italy.

5.) Which of following countries are the constituents members of ASEAN:

3.South Korea

Select the correct code from following options:

A.1 and 5 only
B.2 and 3 only
C.1, 2, 4 and 5
D.1, 2, 3 and 5

SOLUTION-D.1, 2, 3, 5

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional organization which was established to promote political and social stability amid rising tensions among the Asia-Pacific’s post-colonial states.
The motto of ASEAN is “One Vision, One Identity, One Community”.
8th August is observed as ASEAN Day.
ASEAN Secretariat – Indonesia, Jakarta.
Member Nations

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