MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 128

1) Consider the following statements about Global Landscape Forum:
1. The Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) is anintergovernmental forum dedicated to promote the landscape approachon sustainable land use.
2. It is an initiative of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
Select the incorrect answer using the codes:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Explanation:
Both the statements are incorrect.
• The Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) is a multi-stakeholder forum dedicated to promoting the landscape approach. The GLF is the largest platform on sustainable land use. Since 2013, over 4,400 organizations and 190,000 people have taken part in Forum events in person and online.
• It is led by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).
• The inaugural GLF event took place alongside the 2013 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 19) in Warsaw, Poland.
• Following a major funding injection from the German government, the GLF moved to establish a secretariat in Bonn, Germany. This is part of an effort on the part of the German government and the city of Bonn to establish a “sustainability cluster” in the city.
• CIFOR serves as the implementing organization of the GLF, and the current coordinating partners are the World Bank, and the United Nations Environment Programme.

2) Recently which state police has adopted a unique bar-coding software – Trakea – to ensure that thousands of forensic reports that form the backbone of the criminal investigation system?
a) Andhra Pradesh
b) Uttar Pradesh
c) Maharashtra
d) Haryana

Answer: D
Explanation:
• Haryana Police has adopted a unique barcoding software — Trakea — to ensure that thousands of forensic reports that form the backbone of the criminal investigation system and subsequent trials in the courts of law, are not tampered with.
• According to the police, Trakea ensures foolproof security of the samples collected from the scene of crime, and the forensic analysis reports, and is different from traditional methods that the state police force has been following for decades.
• Haryana Police claims it is the country’s first police force to have introduced this unique barcoding for forensic reports

3.) Consider the following statements about Elections to State Legislative Assemblies:
1. Election petitions challenging election results can be filed only by the contesting candidates.
2. Such a petition has to be filed within 45 days from the date of the poll results.
3. All the disputes to the State Assembly Elections are to be decided by the Supreme Court.
Select the correct answer from the code given below:

a) 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A

Explanation:
• The Election Commission’s role ends with the declaration of results that is once the Returning Officer has signed the final result sheet (Form 20). After that, an election petition is the only legal remedy available to a voter or a candidate who believes there has been malpractice in an election. Such a person can challenge the result through an election petition submitted to the High Court of the state in which the constituency is located.
• Such a petition has to be filed within 45 days from the date of the poll results; nothing is entertained by courts after that.
• Although the Representative of the People Act of 1951 suggests that the High Court should try to conclude the trial within six months, it usually drags on for much longer, even years.

4. Which of the following elements plays an important role in respiration in plants?
a) Iron
b) Manganese
c) Copper
d) Zinc

Answer:A

Explanation:
• Iron: This element plays an important role in respiratory activity in plants. It also plays an important role in the Kreb’s Cycle. It is found in plant organisms and chromatic. Lack of iron in plants leads to chlorosis or greenness.
• Manganese: In plants, this element is required in the manufacture of chlorophyll. It plays an important role in making nitrate from nitrite. Due to its deficiency, the leaves of plants turn brown.
• Copper: It is present in enzymes used in respiration. Lack of it causes Chlorosis in plants.
• Zinc: Due to lack of this element, the growth in plant length stops and the plants become a dwarf. Simultaneously, the fruit is not able to grow and the leaves of plants remain small. It is useful in the synthesis of indole acetic acid or IAA.

5) Consider the following statements about Speciality Steel:
1. It is highly corrosion resistant.
2. It shows targeted resistance to high and/or low temperatures.
3. It has excellent magnetic properties.
Select the correct answer from the code given below:

a) 2 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B

Explanation:
• Specialty steels also referred to as alloy steel contain additional alloyed materials that deliver special properties to the final product. Specialty steels are engineered to provide superior performance under specific conditions. Various stainless steel alloys are included among common specialty steels.
The benefits of specialty steels include:
• High corrosion resistance
• Targeted resistance to high and/or low temperatures
• Easily fabricated
• Dimensional stability and strength
• Non-magnetic
• Sterile and hygienic
• Well suited for special applications
• Lighter weight

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