MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 145

Q.1) Consider the following statements with respect to Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for the Sportspersons

1.The fund was set up in 1982 with a view to assist outstanding Sportspersons of yesteryear, living in indigent circumstances who had brought glory to the Country in sports.
2.The Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports shall be the Chairperson of the general committee which is responsible for the management and administration of the Fund.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
The Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports (MYAS) has recently approved an amount of Rs. 2 Lakh for Karnataka’s V Tejaswini Bai, who won the Arjuna Award in 2011 under the Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for the Sportspersons (PDUNWFS).
Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for the Sportspersons

The fund was set up in March, 1982 with a view to assisting outstanding Sportspersons of yesteryear, living in indigent circumstances who had brought glory to the Country in sports.
The scheme as revised in 2016 to provide for lump sum ex-gratia assistance to outstanding Sportspersons of yesteryears.
Provision of pension has been done away with as there is already a Scheme of Pension for Meritorious Sportspersons.
The Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports shall be the Chairperson of the general committee which is responsible for the management and administration of the Fund.

Q.2) Consider the following statements with respective to Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP)

1. It is the second most commonly used fertiliser in India after urea.
2. It is high in phosphorus that stimulates root development.
3. The farmers normally apply this fertiliser just before or at the beginning of sowing.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP)

Recently, the central government has announced a 140% increase in the subsidy on di-ammonium phosphate (DAP), from Rs 511 to Rs 1,200 per 50-kg bag.
It is the preferred source of Phosphorous (P) for farmers which is similar to urea, which is their preferred nitrogenous fertiliser containing 46% N.
The inputs required to produce one ton of DAP fertilizer are approximately 1.5 to 2 tons of phosphate rock, 0.4 tons of sulfur (S) to dissolve the rock, and 0.2 tons of ammonia.
Its relatively high nutrient content and excellent physical properties make it a popular choice in farming and other industries, it also acts as a fire retardant.
The high nutrient content of DAP helps reduce handling, freight and application costs.
It is an excellent source of P and nitrogen (N) for plant nutrition.
The ammonium present in DAP is an excellent N source and will be gradually converted to nitrate by soil bacteria, resulting in a subsequent drop in pH.

Q.3) With respect to Deep Sea Faunal Diversity in India Report, consider the following statements:

1. The report was published by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).
2. Of the species found in the deep sea areas, the maximum number of species has been reported from the Arabian Sea, followed by Bay of Bengal.
3. The deep-sea ecosystem is considered to be below a depth of 200 metres, where solar energy cannot support primary productivity through photosynthesis.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has recently published a book titled ‘Deep Sea Faunal Diversity in India’.
According to the publication, India is home to 4,371 species of deep-sea fauna, including 1,032 species under the kingdom Protista and 3,339 species under the kingdom Animalia.
India is surrounded by the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, the Andaman Sea and the Laccadive Sea (Lakshadweep Sea).
Of the 4,371 species, the maximum of 2,766 species has been reported from deep sea areas of the Arabian Sea, followed by 1,964 species from the Bay of Bengal, 1,396 species from the Andaman Sea, and only 253 species from the Laccadive Sea.
The deep-sea ecosystem is considered to be below a depth of 200 metres, where solar energy cannot support primary productivity through photosynthesis. This publication is the first detailed work on deep-sea organisms of the country.
Sea Mammals
There are 31 species of sea mammals which are found in deep sea ecosystem of Indian waters, including the Critically Endangered Irrawaddy Dolphin.
Two other species, the Indo-Pacific Finless Porpoise and the Sperm Whale, are recorded as ‘Vulnerable’ in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classification.
The list of mammals includes Cuvier’s Beaked Whale and Short-beaked Common Dolphin, which dive as deep as 8,000 metres below the Earth’s surface.
Marine turtles
Out of the seven species of marine turtles found across the world, five species have been recorded from Indian waters.
India is known as one of the best and largest breeding grounds for sea turtles, especially for Olive Ridley and Leatherback Turtles, across the world.

Q.4) Consider the following statements with respect to National Mobile Monitoring Software (NMMS) App

1.The App permits taking real time attendance of workers at Mahatma Gandhi NREGS worksites along with geotagged photograph.
2.The app will increase citizen oversight of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme besides potentially enabling processing payments faster.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Union Minister of Rural Development, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar has recently launched the National Mobile Monitoring Software (NMMS) app and Area officer monitoring App.
National Mobile Monitoring Software (NMMS) App
The App permits taking real time attendance of workers at Mahatma Gandhi NREGS worksites along with geotagged photograph.
Thus, it will increase citizen oversight of the programme besides potentially enabling processing payments faster.
Area Officer Monitoring App

This app facilitates them to record their findings online along with time stamped and go-coordinate tagged photograph for all the schemes of Department of Rural Development – Mahatma Gandhi NREGS, PMAYG, PMGSY.
This would also enable not only better record keeping of inspections by field and supervisory officials but also facilitate analysis of the findings for better programme implementation.
Geo-MGNREGA
The successful implementation of Geo-MGNREGA, a provision for geo-tagging of assets, through well-coordinated efforts of all the Governments, has helped in refuting the charge of ghost assets being financed through the Scheme.
It has further helped in winning the trust of citizens about the programme.
National Electronic Fund Management System (NEFMS)

It was launched for the faster release of wages under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).
Under the system, wage payment was directly credited into the bank account of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA workers by way of DBT through NeFMS.

Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to DIPCOVAN, sometimes seen in the news recently:

1. It is a new indigenous vaccine developed by the Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), a laboratory of DRDO.
2. It is intended for the qualitative detection of IgG antibodies in human serum or plasma, targeting SARS-CoV-2 related antigens.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), a laboratory of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), has recently developed an antibody detection-based kit ‘DIPCOVAN’.
DIPAS-VDx COVID-19 IgG Antibody Microwell ELISA for sero-surveillance (DIPCOVAN)
The kit can detect both spike as well as nucleocapsid (S&N) proteins of SARS-CoV-2 virus with a high sensitivity of 97% and specificity of 99%.
The kit has been developed in association with Vanguard Diagnostics Pvt Ltd, a development and manufacturing diagnostics company based at New Delhi.
DIPCOVAN is intended for the qualitative detection of IgG antibodies in human serum or plasma, targeting SARS-CoV-2 related antigens.
It offers a significantly faster turn-around-time as it requires just 75 minutes to conduct the test without any cross reactivity with other diseases.
The kit has a shelf life of 18 months and will be very useful for understanding COVID-19 epidemiology and assessing an individual’s previous SARS-CoV-2 exposure.

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