MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 146

Q.1) Mount Nyiragongo, sometimes seen in the news recently, is located in?

a. Italy
b. Japan
c. Congo
d. Indonesia

Answer: C
Mount Nyiragongo in Congo has recently spewed out a river of lava.
The volcano was last erupted in 2002.

Mount Nyiragongo

It is one of the world’s more active volcanoes but there were concerns that its activity had not been properly observed by the Goma Volcano Observatory, since the World Bank cut funding amid allegations of corruption.
The lava in Mount Nyiragongo is particularly fluid and has the potential to move fast.
The volcano’s deadliest eruption happened in 1977, when more than 600 people died.

Q.2) Consider the following statements with respect to Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for the Sportspersons

1.The fund was set up in 1982 with a view to assist outstanding Sportspersons of yesteryear, living in indigent circumstances who had brought glory to the Country in sports.

2.The Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports shall be the Chairperson of the general committee which is responsible for the management and administration of the Fund.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
The Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports (MYAS) has recently approved an amount of Rs. 2 Lakh for Karnataka’s V Tejaswini Bai, who won the Arjuna Award in 2011 under the Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for the Sportspersons (PDUNWFS).
Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for the Sportspersons

The fund was set up in March, 1982 with a view to assisting outstanding Sportspersons of yesteryear, living in indigent circumstances who had brought glory to the Country in sports.
The scheme as revised in 2016 to provide for lump sum ex-gratia assistance to outstanding Sportspersons of yesteryears.
Provision of pension has been done away with as there is already a Scheme of Pension for Meritorious Sportspersons.
The Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports shall be the Chairperson of the general committee which is responsible for the management and administration of the Fund.

Q.3) Consider the following statements with respective to Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP)

1. It is the second most commonly used fertiliser in India after urea.
2. It is high in phosphorus that stimulates root development.
3. The farmers normally apply this fertiliser just before or at the beginning of sowing.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP)
Recently, the central government has announced a 140% increase in the subsidy on di-ammonium phosphate (DAP), from Rs 511 to Rs 1,200 per 50-kg bag.
It is the preferred source of Phosphorous (P) for farmers which is similar to urea, which is their preferred nitrogenous fertiliser containing 46% N.
The inputs required to produce one ton of DAP fertilizer are approximately 1.5 to 2 tons of phosphate rock, 0.4 tons of sulfur (S) to dissolve the rock, and 0.2 tons of ammonia.
Its relatively high nutrient content and excellent physical properties make it a popular choice in farming and other industries, it also acts as a fire retardant.
The high nutrient content of DAP helps reduce handling, freight and application costs.
It is an excellent source of P and nitrogen (N) for plant nutrition.
The ammonium present in DAP is an excellent N source and will be gradually converted to nitrate by soil bacteria, resulting in a subsequent drop in pH.

Q.4) Consider the following statements with respective to Zealandia

1. It is the smallest microcontinent in the world which is partially submerged in Indian Ocean.
2. New Zealand is the largest part of Zealandia that is above sea level, followed by New Caledonia.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Zealandia
Zealandia is an almost entirely submerged mass of continental crust that subsided after breaking away from Gondwanaland 83–79 million years ago.
It has been described variously as a submerged continent, a continental fragment, a microcontinent, and a continent.
Most of the landmass (94%) remains submerged beneath the Pacific Ocean.
New Zealand is the largest part of Zealandia that is above sea level, followed by New Caledonia.
With a total area of approximately 4,900,000 km2, Zealandia is substantially larger than any features termed microcontinents and continental fragments.
If classified as a microcontinent, Zealandia would be the world’s largest microcontinent.
Its area is six times the area of Madagascar, the next-largest microcontinent in the world, and more than half the area of the Australian continent.
Zealandia supports substantial inshore fisheries and contains gas fields, of which the largest known is the New Zealand Maui gas field, near Taranaki.

Q.5) Which of the following pairs are correctly matched with respective to Maratha Military Architecture in Maharashtra?

Place Significance

1.Shivneri Coronation of Maratha king
2.Raigad First fort of Maratha Empire
3.Torna Birth Place of Shivaji
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a. 1 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. None of the above

Answer : D
Maratha Military Architecture in Maharashtra

There are 12 forts in Maharashtra dating back to the era of the 17th-century Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji, They are namely
Shivneri – The birthplace of Shivaji.
Raigad – The capital fort rebuilt for the coronation of the Maratha king,
Torna – The first fort of the Maratha empire,
Lohagad – Most picturesque valleys and is believed to have been built in the 14th century, an example of Maratha hill fort architecture until Peshwa period.
Salher Fort – The fort witnessed a key battle in 1672 between Marathas and Mughals.
Mulher Fort – One of three forts situated on a hill, flanked by Mora to the east and Hatgad to the west, the surrender of Mulher ended the third Maratha War.
Rangana Fort – In Kolhapur, bordering Sindhudurg, Aurangzeb tried to conquer it along with Bhudargad and Samangad in his Deccan campaign, did not succeed.
Ankai Tankai Forts – In Nashil district, Ankai and Tankai are separate forts on adjacent hills, with a common fortification wall.
Kasa Fort – Popularly known as Padmadurg, built on a rocky island off coast of Murud, and provided a base for naval military operations.
Sindhudurg Fort – Built by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in 1668, this sea fort is considered a masterpiece in military defence.
Alibag Fort – Popularly known as Kulaba Fort, it was chosen as one of the forts to be modelled as a naval base by Chhatrapati Shivaji.
Suvarnadurg – Built on an island, it was repaired and strengthened by Shivaji Maharaj in 1660.
Khanderi Fort – Built in 1679, it was the site of many battles between Shivaji Maharaj’s forces and the navy of the Siddhis.
Recently these sites are added to tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The theme for the serial nomination of these forts is ‘Maratha Military Architecture in Maharashtra and Guerrilla Warfare’.

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