MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 150

Q.1) Consider the following statements:

1. The National Health Policy, 2017 have set an ambitious target of reducing tobacco use by 30% by 2025.
2. The theme of World No Tobacco Day for the year 2021 is “Commit to Quit”.
3. The economic burden of diseases and deaths attributable to tobacco use of tobacco in India amounting to approximately 1% of GDP.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare has recently chaired an event to mark the World No Tobacco Day and led the pledge by everyone present to abstain from Tobacco.
“Commit to Quit” is the theme of the World No Tobacco Day for the year 2021.
Background
In India, over 1.3 million deaths are attributable to tobacco use every year amounting to 3500 deaths per day, imposing a lot of avoidable socio-economic burden.
Smokers face a 40-50% higher risk of developing severe disease deaths from COVID-19.
As per the WHO study titled “Economic Costs of Diseases and Deaths Attributable to Tobacco Use in India” it has been estimated that the economic burden of diseases and deaths attributable to tobacco use of tobacco in India was as high as Rs. 1.77 lakh crores, amounting to approx 1% of GDP.
Also, the National Health Policy, 2017 have set an ambitious target of reducing tobacco use by 30% by 2025.

Q.2) Consider the following statements regarding Vaigai River:

1. It flows through Srivilliputhur- Megamalai Tiger Reserve.
2. It empties into Arabian Sea.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : A
The Vaigai is a river in Tamil Nadu. It originates in Varusanadu Hills, the Periyar Plateau of the Western Gharts range. Its main tributaries are Suruliyaru, Mullaiyaru, Varaganadhi, Manjalaru, Kottagudi, Kridhumaal and Upparu. The Vaigai is 258 kilometres long and finally empties into the Palk Strait near the Pamban Bridge in Ramanathapuram district. The Vaigai presently gets about 80 per cent of its water from the Periyar dam. The balance 20 per cent is obtained from the major watershed of the Megamalai region during the northeast monsoon season.
Srivilliputhur- Megamalai Tiger Reserve exists in the main cathment area of Vaigai River. Thus the declaration of Srivilliputhur- Megamalai Tiger Reserve also gives protection ti Vaigai river from land enchroachment.

Q.3) Consider the following statements regarding Mid-Day Meal scheme:

1. British colonial government introduced mid-day meal programme for the first time in India
2. Agmark quality and branded items are procured for preparation of mid-day meals
Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Statement 1 is correct: In 1925, a Mid-Day Meal Programme was introduced for disadvantaged children in Madras Municipal Corporation. By the mid 1980s three States viz. Gujarat, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the UT of Pondicherry had universalized a cooked Mid-Day Meal Programme with their own resources for children studying at the primary stage
Statement 2 is correct: As per guidelines issued by Government of India, schools are to procure AGMARK quality and branded items for preparation of mid-day meals.
AGMARK is a certification mark for agricultural produce, assuring that they conform to a grade standard notified by Directorate of Marketing & Inspection (DMI), Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare under Agricultural Produce (Grading Marking) Act, 1937

Q.4) Consider the following statements with respect to Horticulture Cluster Development Programme (CDP)

1. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented by the National Horticulture Board (NHB), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.
2. The programme aims at growing and developing identified horticulture clusters to make them globally competitive.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
To ensure holistic growth of horticulture, Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar has virtually launched the Horticulture Cluster Development Programme (CDP) recently.
Horticulture Cluster Development Programme (CDP)
The CDP aims at growing and developing identified horticulture clusters to make them globally competitive.
It is a central sector programme implemented by the National Horticulture Board (NHB) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.
In a pilot phase, the programme will be implemented in 12 horticulture clusters out of the total 53 clusters selected for the programme.
These clusters will be implemented through Cluster Development Agencies (CDAs) which are appointed on the recommendations of the respective State/UT Government.
The programme will address all major issues related to the Indian horticulture sector including pre-production, production, post-harvest management, logistics, marketing and branding.
Background
The programme is designed to leverage geographical specialisation and promote integrated and market-led development of horticulture clusters.
Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare (MoA&FW) has identified 53 horticulture clusters, of which 12 have been selected for the pilot launch of the programme.
Based on the learnings from the pilot project, the programme will be scaled up to cover all the identified clusters.

Q.5) Six-day war sometimes seen in news is related to:

Bangladesh
Israel
Rwanda
Taiwan

Answer : B
The Six-Day war was the third in the long line of Arab-Israeli wars that started in 1948, around the time of the creation of the Israeli state. Beginning on June 5, 1967, the war spanned only six days during which Israel almost decimated Egypt’s air force and captured new territory
Israel fought against a combined force of Egypt, Jordan, Syria. The war ended on June 10, 1967.

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