MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 169

Q.1) Consider the following statements with respect to NISHTHA Programme

1. It is a capacity building programme that aims to build competencies among all the teachers and school principals at the elementary stage.
2. The programme is being organized by constituting Resource Groups at both National and State level.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
National Education Society for Tribal Students (NESTS), an autonomous body under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs) has collaborated with National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) for conduct of National Initiative of School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA) Capacity Building Program for EMRS teachers and Principals.
National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA)
It is a capacity building programme for “Improving Quality of School Education through Integrated Teacher Training”.
It aims to build competencies among all the teachers and school principals at the elementary stage.
The functionaries (at the state, district, block, cluster level) shall be trained in an integrated manner on learning outcomes, school based assessment, learner – centred pedagogy, new initiatives in education, addressing diverse needs of children through multiple pedagogies, etc.
This is being organized by constituting National Resource Groups (NRGs) and State Resource Groups (SRGs) at the National and the State level who will be training 42 lakhs teachers subsequently.
A robust portal/Management Information System (MIS) for delivery of the training, monitoring and support mechanism has been infused with this capacity building initiative.

Q.2) Consider the following statements with respect to Data localisation

1. It is the storing of data on a device physically present within the borders of the country where the data was generated.
2. As per the RBI rules, foreign debit & credit card companies had to store complete information about transactions made by all Indian customers in servers located within India.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
The RBI has recently banned the U.S. card-issuer Mastercard from issuing new debit and credit cards to customers in India as Mastercard has failed to comply with the RBI’s local data storage rules announced in 2018.
Data localisation
It is storing of data on a device physically present within the borders of the country where the data was generated.
As per the RBI’s rules, foreign card companies had to store complete information about transactions made by all Indian customers in servers located within India.
This local storage would help the RBI to have unfettered supervisory access.
In April, 2018, the RBI gave six months’ time to global payment companies to comply with these rules.

Q.3) Consider the following statements with respect to Adarsh Smarak

1. Under the scheme, government invites public sector companies, private sector firms as well as individuals, to develop selected monuments and heritage and tourist sites across India.
2. There is no financial bid involved and the corporate sector is expected to use Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds for the upkeep of the site.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Three monuments of Andhra Pradesh have been recently identified as Adarsh Smarak.
Further, Fort at Gandikota has been included in the Adopt-a-Heritage scheme of Ministry of Tourism, which is PPP mode.
Adarsh Smarak
Archaeological Survey of India has identified 100 monuments as Adarsh Monument.
Adarsh Monuments will be provided tourist amenities and other facilities like toilets, drinking water, wi-fi services, cafeteria, interpretation centre, etc.
Adopt-a-Heritage scheme
It is an initiative of the Ministry of Tourism, in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture and the Archaeological Survey of India.
Under the scheme, government invites public sector companies, private sector firms as well as individuals, to develop selected monuments and heritage and tourist sites across India.
Selected firms and individuals will be appointed as Monument Mitras for the development of tourist amenities in the selected heritage sites for an initial period of 5 years.
There is no financial bid involved and the corporate sector is expected to use Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds for the upkeep of the site.

Q.4) Consider the following statements with respective to Dragon Fruit Cultivation

1. Flowering and fruiting of dragon fruits coincide with the monsoon season in India, i.e. between June to November.
2. In India dragon fruit is cultivated only in North Eastern States, particularly in Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Assam.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Dragon Fruit Cultivation
It is hardy and grows in diverse climatic conditions with varied soils, especially in the semi-arid and arid regions of India.
It prefers slightly acidic soil and can tolerate some salts in soil too.
The low maintenance and high profitability of dragon fruits has attracted the farming community throughout India.
This has led to a steep increase in dragon fruit cultivation in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Gujarat and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, as well as in many north eastern states.
India produces approximately 12,000 tonnes of the fruit every year.

Q.5) Consider the following statements:

1. Technical textiles are textiles materials and products manufactured primarily for technical performance and functional properties rather than aesthetic characteristics.
2. India has emerged as the largest producer of technical textiles in the world.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : A
Technical textiles are engineered products with a definite functionality. They are manufactured using natural as well as man-made fibres such as Nomex, Kevlar, Spandex, Twaron that exhibit enhanced functional properties such as higher tenacity, excellent insulation, improved thermal resistance etc. These products find end-use application across multiple non-conventional textile industries such as healthcare, construction, automobile, aerospace, sports, defence, agriculture etc.
Based on usage, there are 12 technical textile segments; Agrotech, Meditech, Buildtech, Mobiltech, Clothtech, Oekotech, Geotech, Packtech, Hometech, Protech, Indutech and Sportech.
For example, ‘mobiltech’ refers to products in vehicles such as seat belts and airbags, airplane seats; geotech, which is incidentally the fastest growing sub-segment, used to hold back soil, etc.
India is the 6th largest producer of Technical Textiles in the world with 6% Global Share.
With an aim to position the country as a global leader in technical textiles and increase the use of technical textiles in the domestic market India launched National Technical Textiles Mission in the year 2020.

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