MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 170

Q.1) Which of the following are the tributaries of river Krishna?

a) Koyna, Musi and Warna
b) Penganga, Maner and Sabri
c) Wardha, Manjra and Pravara
d) Kabini, Suvarnavathi and Bhavani

Answer : A
The Krishna River is the fourth-biggest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India, after the Ganga, Godavari and Brahmaputra.
The Krishna River originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in the state of Maharashtra.
It runs from four states Maharashtra (303 km), North Karnataka (480 km) and the rest of its 1300 km journey in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh before it empties into the Bay of Bengal.
Tributaries are: Tungabhadra, Mallaprabha, Koyna, Bhima, Ghataprabha, Yerla, Warna, Dindi, Musi and Dudhganga.

Q.2) Consider the following:

1. STRIVE
2. UDAY
3. SANKALP
4. ASEEM
Which of the above are the skill development schemes of the government of India?

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 and 4 only
c) 1, 3 and 4 only
d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer : C
Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE): It is a World Bank assisted-Government of India project with the objective of improving the relevance and efficiency of skills training provided through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and apprenticeships. It is an outcome focused scheme marking shift in government’s implementation strategy in vocational education and training from inputs to results. It is aimed at institutional reforms and improving quality & market relevance of skill development training programs in long term vocational education training.
Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood (SANKALP): It is an outcome-oriented programme of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) with a special focus on decentralised planning and quality improvement. The objective is strengthened institutional mechanisms at National and State levels to guide planning, delivery and monitoring of market relevant training.
Aatamanirbhar Skilled Employee Employer Mapping (ASEEM): It is a portal to help skilled people find sustainable livelihood opportunities.
Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY): It targets in reducing the average technical and commercial loss from around 22% to 15% along with eliminating the gap between revenue-side supply & cost-side supply.

Q.3) With respect to AMLEX Device, sometimes seen in the news recently, consider the following statements:

1. It is a first-of-its-kind oxygen rationing device that increases the life of medical oxygen cylinders by reducing unnecessary wastage.
2. The device supplies a required volume of oxygen to the patient during inhalation and trips when the patient exhales Carbon Dioxide (CO2).
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Ropar has recently developed a first-of-its-kind Oxygen Rationing Device – AMLEX.
AMLEX
It will increase the life of medical oxygen cylinders three fold.
The device supplies a required volume of oxygen to the patient during inhalation and trips when the patient exhales CO2.
This process saves oxygen which otherwise unnecessarily get wasted.
The device can operate on both portable power supply (battery) as well as line supply (220V-50Hz).
Oxygen Wastage
So far, during exhalation, the oxygen in the oxygen cylinder/pipe is pushed out along with the exhaled CO2 by the user.
This leads to wastage of a large volume of oxygen in long run.
In addition to this, a large volume of oxygen escapes from the openings of the mask to the environment in the resting period (between inhalation and exhalation) due to continuous flow of life saving gas in the mask.

Q.4) Consider the following statements regarding Press Council of India
1. It does not have the power to review the functioning of electronic media like radio, television and internet media.
2. They can penalize newspapers, news agencies, editors and journalists for violation of the guidelines.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:
The Press Council of India was first set up in the year 1966 by the Parliament on the recommendations of the First Press Commission.
Aim: To preserve the freedom of the press and maintain and improve the standards of the press in India.
The present Council functions under the Press Council Act, 1978. It is a statutory, quasi-judicial authority functioning as a watchdog of the press, for the press and by the press.
Limitations of PCI:
They cannot penalize newspapers, news agencies, editors and journalists for violation of the guidelines.
The PCI only overviews the functioning of print media. It can enforce standards upon newspapers, journals, magazines and other forms of print media.
It does not have the power to review the functioning of electronic media like radio, television and internet media.

Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to One District One Focus Product (ODOFP) Programme

1. The programme covers products of agriculture and allied sectors which will be promoted in a cluster approach to increase the farmers’ income and value of the products.
2.The Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer’s Welfare provides financial support under the National Agriculture Infra Financing Facility.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
The Government has decided to converge resources from ongoing centrally sponsored schemes such as Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), schemes of Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying for One District One Focus Product (ODOFP) programme.
One District One Focus Product (ODOFP) programme

The programme covers products of agriculture and allied sectors for 728 districts of the country.
The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) provides financial support under Centrally Sponsored Pradhan Mantri Formalisation of Micro Food Processing Enterprises Scheme (PM FME Scheme) for One District One Focus Product.
PMFME provides financial, technical and business support for upgradation of existing micro food processing enterprises etc.
The scheme adopts One District One Product (ODOP) approach to reap the benefits of scale in terms of procurement of inputs, availing common services and marketing of products.
The identified products have potential for both domestic demand and export.

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