Q.1) NTPC Ltd has recently commissioned the India’s largest floating Solar Photo Voltaic power project in which of the following regions?

a. Rann of Kutch, Gujarat
b. Banasura Sagar reservoir, Kerala
c. Basava Sagar Reservoir, Karnataka
d. Simhadri Reservoir, Andhra Pradesh

Answer: D
The National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) Ltd, has recently commissioned the largest floating solar PV project of 25MW on the reservoir of its Simhadri thermal station in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
This is also the first solar project to be set up under the Flexibilisation Scheme, notified by the Government of India in 2018.
The 2000MW coal-based Simhadri Station is the first power project to implement an open sea intake from the Bay of Bengal which has been functional for more than 20 years.
NTPC is also planning to set up a hydrogen-based micro-grid system on a pilot basis at Simhadri.
NTPC is India’s first energy company to declare its energy compact goals as part of the UN High-level Dialogue on Energy (HLDE).

Q.2) Pampa Sagar, seen recently in news, is located on which of the following Rivers?

a) Ghataprabha
b) Malprabha
c) Tungbhadra
d) Bhima

Answer : C
Pampa Sagar is constructed across the Tungabhadra River, a tributary of the Krishna River.
The dam is in Hosapete, Vijayanagara district of Karnataka. It is a multipurpose dam serving irrigation, electricity generation, flood control, etc.
This is a joint project of erstwhile Hyderabad state and erstwhile Madras Presidency when the construction was started later it became a joint project of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh after its completion in 1953.
It is the life-line of 6 chronically drought prone districts of Bellary, Koppal and Raichur in Karnataka (popularly known as the rice bowl of Karnataka) and Anantapur, Cuddapah and Kurnool in neighbouring Andhra Pradesh.

Q.3) With reference to Kigali Amendment, consider the following statements:

1. It is an amendment to the Cartagena Protocol.
2. It aims to phase out ozone-destroying chemicals like the chlorofluorocarbons.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : D

The Kigali Amendment is an amendment to the 1989 ozone-saving Montreal Protocol.
The 1989 Montreal Protocol is not a climate agreement.
It is instead aimed at protecting the earth from ozone-destroying chemicals like the chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs, that were earlier used in the air-conditioning and refrigerant industry.
The widespread use of CFCs had caused a hole in the Ozone layer of the atmosphere, which allowed some harmful radiations to reach the earth.
These radiations were considered potential health hazards.
The Montreal Protocol led to the replacement of CFCs with HFCs which do not destroy the Ozone layer.
But they were later found to be extremely potent in causing global warming.
So, the HFCs solved one problem, but were contributing in a major way in another.
But theses could not be eliminated under the original provisions of Montreal Protocol which was meant to phase-out ozone-destroying chemicals only.
The Kigali Amendment enabled the Montreal Protocol to mandate the elimination of HFCs as well.
It is estimated that a complete phase-out of HFCs by 2050 would prevent about 0.5 degree Celsius rise in global temperatures by the end of this century.
By a recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the average temperatures of the planet have already risen by about 1.1 degree Celsius.
India recently decided to ratify Kigali Amendment.
India has to reduce its HFC use by 80 per cent by the year 2047, while China and the United States have to achieve the same target by the year 2045 and 2034 respectively.

Q.4) The term “2010 Strategic Concept” is related to which of the following?

b) Warsaw Pact
c) Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
d) START treaty

Answer: A
Strategic Concepts lay down the Alliance’s core tasks and principles, its values, the evolving security environment and the Alliance’s strategic objectives for the next decade. The 2010 Strategic Concept defines NATO’s cores tasks as: collective defense, crisis-management and cooperative security. Source: Indian Express.

Q.5) Under the new Tribunals Reform Act, 2021, which of the following is/are part of the Search cum Selection Committee with voting rights to appoint the chairperson/members of the tribunals?

1. Chief Justice of India
2. Retired SC/HC Judge
3. Sitting/Outgoing Chairperson
4. Concerned Ministry’s Secretary
5. Minister of State for Home Affairs
Choose the correct option

a. 1, 2 and 3 only
b. 1, 3 and 4 only
c. 1, 2, 4 and 5 only
d. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Answer: A
Tribunal Reforms Act, 2021
It seeks to dissolve certain existing appellate bodies and transfer their functions (such as adjudication of appeals) to other existing judicial bodies.
The Chairperson and Members of the Tribunals will be appointed by the central government on the recommendation of a Search-cum-Selection Committee.
The Committee will consist of
(i) The Chief Justice of India, or a Supreme Court Judge nominated by him, as the Chairperson (with casting vote),
(ii) Two Secretaries nominated by the central government,

(iii) The sitting or outgoing Chairperson, or a retired Supreme Court Judge, or a retired Chief Justice of a High Court, and
(iv) The Secretary of the Ministry under which the Tribunal is constituted (with no voting right).

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