MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 210

Q.1) Consider the following statements with respect to Green status of Species, consider the following statements:

1. It was developed by IUCN and adopted at the 25th UN Climate Change Conference (COP-25) held in 2019.
2. It assesses species and provides it with a Green Score ranging from 0-10, which shows how far a species is from its fully recovered state.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Green Status of Species

It was developed in response to Resolution- 041 of World Conservation Congress (WCC) held in 2012.
In this Resolution, IUCN called for the development of ‘Green Lists’ of Species, Ecosystems and Protected Areas, in order to measure conservation success in these three areas.
Since 2012, a Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas has been launched, and the development of the Green Status of Species began under the name ‘Green List of Species’.
The Green Status assesses species against 3 essential facets of recovery:
Range – A species is fully recovered if it is present in all parts of its range, even those that are no longer occupied but were occupied prior to major human impacts/disruption;
Viability – It is viable (i.e., not threatened with extinction) in all parts of the range;
Functionality – It is performing its ecological functions in all parts of the range.
These factors contribute towards a “Green Score” ranging from 0%-100% which shows how far a species is from its “fully recovered” state.
The IUCN Green Status classifies species into nine Species Recovery Categories, indicating the extent to which species are depleted or recovered compared to their historical population levels.
Each Green Status assessment measures the impact of past conservation on a species, a species’ dependence on continuing support, how much a species stands to gain from conservation action within the next ten years, and the potential for it to recover over the next century.
The IUCN Red List describes how close a species is to extinction, but is not intended to paint a full picture of its status and functioning within its ecosystem.
With the IUCN Green Status, it becomes easy to track species recovery and dramatically improve our understanding of the state of the world’s wildlife.
The IUCN Green Status of Species will be integrated into the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, which will then provide a fuller picture of species’ conservation status including both their extinction risk and recovery progress.

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Deep Sea Mining

1. It is the process of retrieving mineral deposits from the area of the ocean below 2000 m.
2. International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea regulates all mineral-related activities in the international seabed area beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Deep Sea Mining
It is the process of retrieving mineral deposits from the deep sea – the area of the ocean below 200 m.
Parts of the ocean floor are rich in minerals, including polymetallic nodules composed mostly of copper, manganese, cobalt and nickel.
These are found on seabeds 4 to 6 km below the surface.
International Sea Bed Authority is an intergovernmental body established by the Law of the Sea Convention to organize, regulate and control all mineral-related activities in the international seabed area beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.

Q.3) The “black hole tragedy” was associated with which of the following?

a) Shuja-ud-Daula
b) Siraj-ud-daula
c) Mir Jafar
d) Murshad kuli khan

Answer: B
Notes:
Siraj-ud-daula is believed to have imprisoned 146 English persons (black hole tragedy) who were lodged in a very tiny room due to which 123 of them died of suffocation. Source: Spectrum Modern India.

Q.4) “Cowrie currency” was used in British period in which of the following place?

a) Odisha
b) Punjab
c) Mumbai
d) Travancoreu00a0

Answer: A
Notes:
The Paiks of Odisha were the traditional landed militia (‘foot soldiers’ literally) and enjoyed rent free land tenures for their military service and policing functions on a hereditary basis.
Common masses were affected by the rise in prices of salt due to taxes imposed on it, abolition of cowrie currency and the requirement of payment of taxes in silver, etc.
Cowrie shells, found abundantly in the Indian Ocean, were among the earliest forms of currency used in the world. In India, they were colloquially referred to as kaudi and were used in certain areas like Odisha even until the early 1800s.

Q.5) Which state was annexed by the British on the grounds of misgovernment?

a) Hyderabad
b) Baghat
c) Awadh
d) Punjab

Answer: C
Notes:
Lord Dalhousie directed Sleeman, the Resident in Awadh, to make a tour throughout the state and ascertain the actual situation by personal inspection.
The resident submitted a report describing the anarchical condition in the state.
He was succeeded as resident in 1854 by Outram who submitted a report supporting that of his predecessor.
Lord Dalhousie annexed Awadh in 1856 after deposing Nawab Wajid Ali Shah on grounds of misgovernment.

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