MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 212

Q.1) Blood Honey, sometimes seen in the news recently, refers to?

a. Honey collected by traditional honey gatherers of Sunderbans
b. Artificial production of Indian Royal Jelly outside its natural habitat
c. A unique variety of honey in Thailand obtained from the blood of bees instead of its salivas
d. Highly profitable honey obtained through exploitation of traditional honey gathering tribes in Africa

Answer : A
Blood Honey

Sunderbans being the home to the Royal Bengal tigers, every year people die venturing into the forests to collect this honey.
Due to the risks involved in its collection, it is called blood honey.
It is also called Sundarban honey, as it is collected by the Sunderbans’ Moulis community.
This comparatively less thick honey has high demand for its nutritional value and purity.
As this honey is multi-floral and there is practically no use of antibiotics or pesticides in Sundarbans.
It is nearly twice as expensive as the branded honey.
Reasons for the high cost – One major part of the cost input is going deep into the forest area. This means that there are also no pesticides or chemicals or any other impurities in this honey.
Additionally, the purpose of ventures like this is the financial upkeep of this community too.

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Hycean Worlds

They are new class of exoplanets which are 2.6 times larger than Earth.
It has water rich interiors and hydrogen rich atmospheres.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : C
Hycean Worlds

The word “Hycean” represents the combination of Hydrogen and Ocean.
They are new class of exoplanets with densities between those of rocky super-Earths and larger mini-Neptunes
They are composed of water-rich interiors with massive oceans underlying hydrogen-rich atmospheres.
These planets can be up to 2.6 times larger than Earth and have atmospheric temperatures up to nearly 200 degrees Celsius.
Their oceanic conditions could be similar to those conducive for microbial life in Earth’s oceans.
However, size alone is not enough to confirm whether a planet is Hycean. Other aspects such as mass, temperature and atmospheric properties are required for confirmation.

Q.3) With reference to Atal Pension Yojana, consider the following statements:

1. It is administered by Life Insurance Corporation of India.
2. APY is open to all bank account holders in the age group of 18 to 59 years.
3. It provides a minimum guaranteed pension ranging from Rs 1000 to Rs 5000 on attaining 60 years of age.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 only
c) 3 only
d) 1 and 3 only

Answer : C

The Atal Pension Yojana (APY) was launched to create a universal social security system for all Indians, especially the poor, the under-privileged and the workers in the unorganised sector. APY is administered by Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA).
APY is open to all bank account holders in the age group of 18 to 40 years and the contributions differ, based on pension amount chosen.
Subscribers receive the guaranteed minimum monthly pension of Rs. 1000 or Rs. 2000 or Rs. 3000 or Rs. 4000 or Rs. 5000 at the age of 60 years.
The amount of pension is guaranteed for lifetime to the spouse on death of the subscriber.
In the event of death of both the subscriber and the spouse, the entire pension corpus is paid to the nominee.
Contributions to the Atal Pension Yojana (APY) are eligible for tax benefits similar to the National Pension System (NPS).

Q.4) Which of the following plant/plants is/are NOT “Predator plants”?
1. Birch plant
2. Sarracenia
3. Butterworts
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A
Notes:
Carnivorous plants are usually categorized based on the way they catch the insects. There are wide varieties of common predator plants — pitcher plants, sundews, sarracenia, Venus fly trap and butterworts.

Q.5) “Selective Catalytic Reduction” is often seen in news, it is related to which of the following?
a) Thermal power stations
b) Bharat Stage – VI norms
c) Wind Shield turbines
d) Solar Concentrators

Answer: B
Notes:
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) are being introduced with the roll-out of BS VI norms, which were not a part of BS IV.
Real Driving Emission (RDE) will be introduced in India for the first time with the implementation of Bharat Stage VI emission norms.
It will measure a vehicle’s emission in real-time conditions against laboratory conditions.
Onboard Diagnostics (OD) has been made mandatory for all vehicles which will give the vehicle owner or repair technician access to the status of the various vehicle sub-systems.

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