MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 214

Q.1) Consider the following statements about FSSAI standards for Vegan Products

1. Vegan food is defined as foods that do not use any ingredients or additives of animal origin including honey related products.
2. Vegan food products should not be involved in animal testing for evaluating the safety of the final product or ingredient.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : C
For the first time, FSSAI is looking at setting standards for the vegan food industry and use of a separate vegan food logo.
It framed the following guidelines regarding vegan food products.
Vegan food is defined as foods or ingredients that do not use any ingredients, additives and processing aids of animal origin including milk, fish, poultry, meat, egg or honey-related products.
It also should not contain materials of insect origin like silk, dyes, chitin/chitosan or ingredients that are clarified using animal sourced products.
It should not be involved in animal testing for evaluating the safety of the final product or ingredient.
It should also not contain any animal derived GMO (genetically modified organism) or use animal derived gene for manufacturing these products.
Traceability shall be established up to the manufacturer level.
Verification of the final product will need to be done through analytical tools to ascertain absence of animal origin material in the product.

Q.2) Consider the following statements with respect to Edible oil

1. India imports almost 90% of its edible oil requirements in which palm Oil alone accounts for 55% of imports.
2. Palm Oil is rich in Vitamin A and E and coenzymes like ubiquinone.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : C
Edible oil
India imports 60% of the edible oil it consumes and runs up an import bill of Rs.80,000 crore.
Of that, palm oil alone accounts for 55%.
In the quest for self-sufficiency, the government introduced the National Mission for Edible Oil and Oil Palm (MNEO-OP), which targets to grow it on 3 million hectares over the next decade.
Palm oil is rich in vitamin A and E, and in coenzymes like ubiquinone.
It is the efficient source of vegetable oil.

Q.3) Consider the following statements regarding Common Service Centre (CSC) Programme, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative of the Ministry of Science and Technology.
2. CSCs are the access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages in India.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : B
Common Services Centre (CSC) programme is an initiative of the Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY), Government of India. CSCs are the access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages in India, thereby contributing to a digitally and financially inclusive society.
CSCs are more than service delivery points in rural India. They are positioned as change agents, promoting rural entrepreneurship and building rural capacities and livelihoods. They are enablers of community participation and collective action for engendering social change through a bottom-up approach with key focus on the rural citizen.
CSCs enable the three vision areas of the Digital India programme:
Digital infrastructure as Utility to Every Citizen
Governance and services on demand
Digital empowerment of citizens

Q.4) Bhogdoi River, seen recently in news, is a tributary of:

a) Krishna
b) Brahmaputra
c) Indus
d) Narmada

Answer : B
The Bhogdoi River is a tributary of the Brahmaputra in India. From its origin in the Naga hills and flows through Jorhat before joining Dhansiri River.
River Bhogdoi is the most polluted river of Assam.

Q.5) “Raikas” – The Nomadic Pastoralists, are associated with which of the following states?

a) Kerala
b) Karnataka
c) Rajasthan
d) Madhya Pradesh

Answer: C
Notes:
The Raika tribes are a nomadic people, occupying the western districts of Rajasthan and Gujurat, including the Thar Desert.
One estimate put their number at about 500,000, though Raikas many are abandoning the pastoralist way of life in the face of social, economic and legal pressures.
They are known for their Arabian camels, or dromedaries, but many Raika families raise sheep and goats.

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