Q.1) Shoonya Campaign, sometimes seen in the news recently, is associated with?

a. A Roadmap to zero new HIV infections
b. To promote zero pollution delivery vehicles
c. To achieve zero malnutrition related deaths in India
d. Awareness program about India’s net zero emission targets

Answer: B
With Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) and RMI India’s support, NITI Aayog has launched Shoonya Campaign.
Shoonya Campaign

The Shoonya campaign aims to:
Accelerate adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) in the urban deliveries segment and
Create consumer awareness about the health, environmental and economic benefits of zero-pollution delivery.
Urban freight vehicles account for 10% of freight transportation-related CO2 emissions in India, and these emissions may grow by 114% percent by 2030.
As part of the campaign, a corporate branding & certification programme is being launched to promote industry’s efforts towards transitioning to EVs for final-mile deliveries.
An online tracking platform will share the campaign’s impact through data such as vehicle kilometers electrified, carbon savings, criteria pollutant savings and other benefits from clean delivery vehicles.

Q.2) In order for bio magnification to occur, the pollutant must be:

1. Long-lived
2. Static
3. Soluble in water
4. Biologically active
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a. 1, 2 and 3 only
b. 1 and 4 only
c. 1, 2, 3 and 4
d. 3 and 4 only

Answer: B
The pollutant must be:
Long lived – so that it would stay for long duration
Mobile – so that it would move from one organism to other
Soluble in fat – so that It would not be decamped/digested
Biologically active
Example: DDT, PCB
Heavy Metals: Copper, Mercury, Cadmium, Lead, Zinc

Q.3) Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Dugongs?

1. These are herbivorous mammals.
2. In India the only habitat of Dugong is Gulf of Mannar.
3. They are listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer : A
The dugong (Dugong dugon), also called the sea cow, is a herbivorous mammal. They can grow upto three meters long, weigh about 300 kilograms, and live for about 65 to 70 years, grazing on seagrass and coming to the surface to breathe.
They are found in over 30 countries and in India are seen in the Gulf of Mannar, Gulf of Kutch, Palk Bay, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Dugongs are listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
The loss of seagrass habitats, water pollution and degradation of the coastal ecosystem due to developmental activities have made life tough for these slow-moving animals. Dugongs are also victims of accidental entanglement in fishing nets and collision with boats, trawlers.
Internationally, dugongs are listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which prohibits the trade of the species and its parts.

Q.4) “Tadoba Andhari National Park” is often seen in news, is located in which of the following states?
a) Kerala
b) Maharashtra
c) Chhattisgarh
d) Meghalaya

Answer: B
Notably Maharashtra’s oldest and largest National Park, the “Tadoba National Park”, also known as the “Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve” is one of India’s project tiger reserves existing in India.
It lies in the Chandrapur district of Maharashtra state and is approximately 150 km from Nagpur city.
The total area of the tiger reserve is 1,727, which includes the Tadoba National Park, created in the year 1955.
The Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was formed in the year 1986 and was amalgamated with the park in 1995 to establish the present Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve.
The word ‘Tadoba’ is derived from the name of God “Tadoba” or “Taru,” which is praised by local tribal people of this region and “Andhari” is derived from the name of Andhari river that flows in this area.

Q.5) “Keibul Lamjao National Park” is often seen in news, is located in which of the following states?
a) Manipur
b) Arunachal Pradesh
c) Tripura
d) Mizoram

Answer: A
The only floating national park of its kind in the world, Keibul Lamjao National Park is a singular wetland ecosystem located on the Loktak Lake. It is home to brow-antlered deer or sangai, the state animal of Manipur.

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