MASTER THE CURRENT AFFAIRS – DAY 228

Q.1) Consider the following statements with respect to Small Islands Developing States (SIDS):

1.They were recognized as a special case in the Rio Summit 1992.
2.They are located over these geographical locations, namely The Caribbean, Indian Ocean, Pacific, Antarctic, South China Sea, and Arctic.
3.Bahamas, Maldives, Singapore and Sri Lanka are part of the SIDS grouping.
Identify the incorrect statement(s).

a. 1 only 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 2 only
d. 1 and 3 only

Answer : B
Small Islands Developing States (SIDS)

There are 52 countries classified as SIDS out of which 38 are United Nations members while 14 are non-UN members or Associate Members of the Regional Commissions.
SIDS is a distinct group of developing countries that face specific economic, social and environmental vulnerabilities or challenges.
SIDS countries were recognized as a special case for the first time at the Rio Summit 1992.
SIDS is located over these geographical regions. They are all island territories in anyone of the following three regions, namely Caribbean, Pacific, Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean and South China Sea (AIMS).
Sri Lanka is not a member of SIDS.
Along with Australia, the UK and Small Island developing states (SIDS) will be launching a new grouping of infrastructure for Resilient Island States (IRIS) on the sidelines of the upcoming Conference of Parties (COP26).
This platform is aimed at creating a coalition for putting in place infrastructure that can withstand natural disasters and lessen economic losses in island nations.
Australia, India and the UK have committed an initial funding of $10 million for IRIS.
For SIDS, losses from disaster, including infrastructure, is the highest as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP).
Mediterranean and South China Sea regions, are among the most vulnerable to geophysical and hydro-meteorological hazards.
The impact of climate change in the form of tsunamis, cyclones, earthquakes and heavy rains are more frequent and intense in many of these countries.
Susceptibility to very high relative economic losses due to disasters averages 1-10 per cent of GDP annually.
SIDS accounts for two-thirds of the countries that suffer the highest relative losses due to disasters.

Q.2) Consider the following statements with respect to ABHYAS

1. It is an air vehicle launched using twin under-slung boosters.
2. It is powered by a Scramjet engine to sustain a long endurance flight at subsonic speed.
3. It is designed & developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
Which of the statements given above are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : B
ABHYAS – the High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) was successfully flight-tested recently by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur off the coast of Bay of Bengal in Odisha.
ABHYAS

It is designed & developed by DRDO’s Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), Bengaluru.
The air vehicle is launched using twin under-slung boosters which provide the initial acceleration to the vehicle.
It is powered by a gas turbine engine to sustain a long endurance flight at subsonic speed.
The target aircraft is equipped with MEMS based Inertial Navigation System (INS) for navigation along with the Flight Control Computer (FCC) for guidance and control.
The vehicle is programmed for fully autonomous flight.
The check-out of air vehicle is done using laptop-based Ground Control Station (GCS).

Q.3) Consider the following statements:

1.Smerch is the longest range conventional rocket system in the Indian Army’s inventory
2.Smerch is procured from Russia
3.Pinaka is a multiple rocket launcher indigenously designed and developed by the DRDO
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 3 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 1 and 2 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer : D

India’s military posture in the Tawang sector of Arunachal Pradesh has added an offensive punch with the Army deploying Pinaka and Smerch long-range, multi-barrel rocket launch systems as well as BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles in the region.
Smerch, procured from Russia, is the longest range conventional rocket system in the Army’s inventory with a maximum range of 90 km
A battery of four launchers can fire a salvo of 48 rockets in 40 seconds, neutralising an area of 1200mX1200m
Pinaka, multiple rocket launcher, indigenously designed and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation, has a range of 38 km. “A battery of six launchers of Pinaka can fire a salvo of 72 rockets in 44 seconds, thereby neutralising an area of 1000mX800m
The upgraded version of the Pinaka ammunition systems were already in production line and could fire up to a range of 75 km with superior precision
Both Pinaka and Smerch have 12 rockets in each launcher. “In high-attitude areas, the ranges are enhanced significantly which further augments the deep strike capability of the weapon system,”

Q.4) With reference to OSOWOG initiative, consider the following statements:
1. The idea for this initiative was proposed in the first assembly session of the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
2. One of its aims is to build and scale interregional energy grids.
Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:
Both statements are correct. The concept of the OSOWOG Initiative was first outlined at the First Assembly of the ISA in late 2018.
Aim: It envisions building and scaling interregional energy grids to share solar energy across the globe, leveraging the differences of time zones, seasons, resources, and prices between countries and regions.
Benefits: The initiative will help de-carbonise energy production, which is today the largest source of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Q.5) Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, is in which of the following countries:
a) Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan
b) UK and France
c) Israel and Palestine
d) Azerbaijan and Armenia

Answer: D
Notes:
Statement d is correct: Nagorno-Karabakh is a disputed territory internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan but mostly governed by the Republic of Artsakh, de facto independent state with an Armenian ethnic majority backed by neighboring Armenia.

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