POLL ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION 31.7.2020

1.) ‘Nauradehi Sanctuary’ is located in which of the following states?

a) Rajasthan
b) Uttar Pradesh
c) Bihar
d) Madhya Pradesh

Answer: D

Nauradehi Sanctuary:
• It is the largest wildlife sanctuary of Madhya Pradesh.
• It is located in the centre of the state covering parts of Sagar, Damoh, Narsinghpur, and Raisen Districts. It is about 90 km from Jabalpur and about 56 km from Sagar.
• The protected area sits astride two major river basins of India, namely the Narmada, flowing west to the Arabian Sea and the Ganges, flowing east to the Bay of Bengal.
• The forest is spread over the southern area of the Vindhya Range of hills in which the Bandhavgarh National Park and Panna National Park are also located.

2.) Consider the following statements about ‘National Tiger Conservation Authority’:

1. It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.

2. It has been constituted under enabling provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for strengthening tiger conservation, as per powers and functions assigned to it under the said Act.

3. Prime Minister is the chairman of the authority.

Select the correct Answer using the code given below:

a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) None

Answer: A

NATIONAL TIGER CONSERVATION AUTHORITY

• STATEMENT 1 is correct BUT STATEMENT 2 is incorrect: The National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation, as per powers and functions assigned to it under the said Act.
• STATEMENT 3 is incorrect: Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change is the chairman of the authority.
• It has been fulfilling its mandate within the ambit of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 for strengthening tiger conservation in the country by retaining an oversight through advisories/normative guidelines, based on appraisal of tiger status, ongoing conservation initiatives and recommendations of specially constituted Committees.

3.) Consider the following statements regarding ‘State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index’:

1. It is a nationwide Index, which is a joint effort of the NITI Aayog and Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)

2. It assesses state policies and programmes aimed at improving energy efficiency across various sectors.

Choose the correct Answer using the code given below:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

STATE ENERGY EFFICIENCY PREPAREDNESS INDEX

• STATEMENT 1 is correct: Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) and Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE), releases the ‘State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index’.

• STATEMENT 2 is correct: It assesses state policies and programmes aimed at improving energy efficiency across various sectors.

• The nationwide Index, which is a joint effort of the NITI Aayog and Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)

• The State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index has 63 indicators across Building, Industry, Municipality, Transport, Agriculture and DISCOM with 4 cross-cutting indicators.

• States are categorised based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation, as ‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’.

• The ‘Front Runner’ states in the inaugural edition of the Index are: Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Rajasthan based on the available data.

4.) Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding ‘Bio-jet Fuel’:

1. It has been developed by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research based in Dehradun along with Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP).

2. It can be produced from animal fat, used cooking oil, waste dairy fat, sewage sludge, etc.

3. The oil needs to have a freezing point below -47 degrees so it doesn’t freeze at altitudes at which planes fly.

Select the correct Answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
d) 2 and 3 only
d) All of the above

Answer: D

• BIO-JET FUEL

• STATEMENT 1 is correct: It has been developed by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research based in Dehradun along with Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP).

• STATEMENT 2 is correct: It can be produced from animal fat, used cooking oil, waste dairy fat, sewage sludge, etc.

• STATEMENT 3 is correct: The oil needs to have a freezing point below -47 degrees so it doesn’t freeze at altitudes at which planes fly, should not catch fire on the ground when being transferred into a plane, must have the same density as ATF, have a certain calorific value and should not choke the filters.

5.) ‘C40’ recently seen in news is related to:

a) Network of world’s megacities committed to address climate change
b) Group of African nations demanding reforms in United Nation Security Council
c) Group of island nations demanding more concrete efforts to address climate change
d) A list released by European Union of World’s top 40 Virtual currencies.

Answer: A

C40 :
• It is a network of world’s megacities committed to addressing climate change by assisting with or creating models that other cities and governments can adopt.
• It is focused on tackling climate change and driving urban action that reduces greenhouse gas emissions and climate risks while increasing the health, well being and economic opportunities of urban citizens.

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