POLL ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION 04.07.2020

1.) With reference to the period of colonial rule in India, “Home Charges” formed an important part of drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted “Home Charges’’?

  1. Funds used to support the India office in London.
  2. Funds used to pay salaries and pensions of British personnel engaged in India.
  3. Funds used for waging wars outside India by the British.

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer (d)

It is clear from Economic History of India by RC Datt:

“ The Indian Tribute whether weighted in the scales of justice or viewed in the light of our interest, will be found to be at variance with humanity, with the commonsense and with the received maxims of economical science. It would be true wisdom then to provide for the future payment of such of the Home Charges of the Indian Government as really from the tribute out of Indian Exchequer. These charges would be probably found to be the dividends on East India Stock, interest in Home debt, the salaries of the officers, establishments of the and building connected with the Home Department of Indian Government, furlough and retired pay to members of the Indian Military and Civil Services when at Home, Charges of all descriptions paid in this country connected with the British troops serving in India and portion of the cost of transporting the British troops to and from India”.

2.) What was the purpose with which Sir William Wedderburn and W.S. Caine had set up the Indian Parliamentary Committee in 1893?

(a) To agitate for Indian political reforms in the House of Commons.

(b) To campaign for the entry of Indians into the Imperial Judiciary.

(c) To facilitate a discussion on India’s Independence in the British Parliament.

(d) To agitate for the entry of eminent Indians into the British Parliament.

Answer (a)

On 28 December 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay, with 72 delegates in attendance. A. O. Hume assumed office as the General Secretary. Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee of Calcutta was elected President. The additional British Members were William Wedderburn and Justice John Jardine. All others were the Hindus from Calcutta and Madras Presidency. Wedderburn had entered the parliament as a liberal member in 1893 and had sought to voice India’s grievances within the house.

3.) With reference to Ryotwari Settlement, consider the following statements:

  1. The rent was paid directly by the peasants to the Government.
  2. The Government gave Pattas to the Ryots.
  3. The lands were surveyed and assessed before being taxed.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only (c) 1, 2 and 3 (d) None

Answer (c)

Ryotwari settlement, the rent was paid directly by the peasants to the Government and the Government gave pattas to the Ryots.

4.) Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Brahmo Samaj?

  1. It opposed idolatry.
  2. It denied the need for a priestly class for interpreting the religious texts.
  3. It popularized the doctrine that the Vedas are infallible.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer (b)

Statements 1 & 2 are correct.

5.) Consider the following:

  1. Assessment of land revenue on the basis of nature of the soil and the quality of crops.
  2. Use of mobile cannons in warfare.
  3. Cultivation of tobacco and red chillies.

 Which of the above was/were introduced into India by the English?

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 (c) 2 and 3 (d) None

Answer (d)

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