POLL ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION 06.07.2020

1.) The Ghadr (Ghadar) was a

(a) revolutionary association of Indians with headquarters at San Francisco

(b) nationalist organization operating from Singapore

(c) militant organization with headquarters at Berlin

(d) communist movement for India’s freedom with head quarters at Tashkent

Answer (a)

The Ghadar Party was a revolutionary association founded by Punjabi Indians, in the United States and Canada with the aim to gaining India’s independence from British rule. Key members included Lala Har Dayal, Sohan Singh Bhakna, Kartar Singh Sarabha, and Rashbehari Bose.It had its headquarters at San Francisco.

2.) With reference to Indian history, which of the following is/are the essential element/elements of the feudal system?

  1. A very strong centralized political authority and a very weak provincial or local political authority.
  2. Emergence of administrative structure based on control and possession of land.
  3. Creation of lord-vassal relationship between the feudal lord and his overlord.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer (b)

A person became a vassal by pledging political allegiance and providing military, political, and financial service to a lord. A lord possessed complete sovereignty over land or acted in the service of another sovereign, usually a king. If a lord acted in the service of a king, the lord was considered a vassal of the king. As part of the feudal agreement, the lord promised to protect the vassal and provided the vassal with a plot of land. This land could be passed on to the vassal’s heirs, giving the vassal tenure over the land.

3.) Who of the following was/were economic critic/ critics of colonialism in India? [2015-I]

  1. Dadabhai Naoroji
  2. G. Subramania Iyer
  3. R. C. Dutt

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer (d)

Dadabhai Naoroji, R. C. Dutt, Ranade, Gokhale, G. Subramania Iyer, were among those who grounded Indian nationalism firmly on the foundation of antiimperialism by fashioning the world’s first economic critique of colonialism, before Hobson and Lenin.

4.) The Government of India Act of 1919 clearly defined

(a) the separation of power between the judiciary and the legislature

(b) the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments

(c) the powers of the Secretary of State for India and the Viceroy

(d) None of the above

Answer (b)

The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms which became the Government of India Act in 1919 clearly defined the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments.

5.) Satya ShodhakSamaj organized

(a) a movement for upliftment of tribals in Bihar

(b) a temple-entry movement in Gujarat

(c) an anti-caste movement in Maharashtra

(d) a peasant movement in Punjab

Answer (c)

Satyashodhak Samaj is a society established by Jyotirao Phule on September 24, 1873. This was started as a group whose main aim was to liberate the social shudra and untouchable castes from exploitation and oppression.

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