POLL ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION 17.07.2020

1. With reference to the Election of Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha, consider the following statements:

1. The election of a Deputy Chairman shall be held on such date as the election commission
may fix and the Chairman shall send to every member notice of this date.
2. The Constitution is silent on the time period within which the Deputy Chairperson of the Upper House should be chosen.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
STATEMENT 1 is incorrect: The election of a Deputy Chairman shall be held on such date as the Chairman may fix and the Secretary-General shall send to every member notice of this date
The Constitution is silent on the time period within which the Deputy Chairperson of the Upper House should be chosen. Article 89(2) of the Constitution states that the Council of States shall as soon as may be, choose a member of the Council to be Deputy Chairman thereof and so often as the office of Deputy Chairman becomes vacant the Council shall choose another member to be Deputy Chairman thereof

2. Consider the following statements about Public Affairs Index (PAI):

1. It is released annually since 2010.
2. It examines governance performance in all 30 states on social and economic development they are able to provide.
3. Kerala has topped the Public Affairs Index for 2018 as the best-governed state for the third consecutive year in smaller states category.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B
STATEMENT 1 is incorrect : It is released annually since 2016.
STATEMENT 3 is incorrect : Kerala has topped the Public Affairs Index (PAI) for 2018 as the best-governed state for the third consecutive year since 2016 among large states.
Public Affairs Index 2018 released by the think tank Public Affairs Centre. The index examines governance performance in all 30 states through a data-based framework, ranking them on social and economic development they are able to provide. Founded in 1994 by renowned Indian economist and scholar late Samuel Paul, the think tank works to mobilize demand for better governance in the country.
Among smaller states (with a population less than two crores), Himachal Pradesh topped the list, followed by Goa, Mizoram, Sikkim, and Tripura which figured among the top five states with good governance. Nagaland, Manipur and Meghalaya were ranked at the bottom of the index among small states.

3. Which among the following is/are the key takeaways in the first data privacy blueprint recently released by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)?

1. The report lays the foundation for individual ownership of data, making data collectors and data processors “mere custodians” of data.
2. The data protection framework should apply equally to the government and to private entities.
3. Existing privacy laws that apply to telecom service providers (TSPs) should also apply to all entities in the digital ecosystem.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) released a set of recommendations regarding privacy, security, and ownership of data in the telecom sector — the first data privacy blueprint by a statutory body.
The report lays the foundation for individual ownership of data, making data collectors and data processors “mere custodians” of data who are subject to regulations. The report says both collectors and processors should be accountable for “unintended harm” caused to the user.
The data protection framework should apply equally to the government and to private entities
It suggests that existing privacy laws that apply to telecom service providers (TSPs) should also apply to “all entities in the digital ecosystem”. The other digital entities, TRAI states, include devices (mobiles and computers), browsers, software operating systems, applications, and over-the-top (OTT) service providers (that distribute media streamed over the Internet).
An overarching theme is that “inadequate” data protection allows digital ecosystem entities an advantage in the use of the data, as compared to the user.

4. Recently a “historic agreement” had been signed among the governments of Mizoram and Tripura related to a tribal community, who had been displaced from Mizoram and were living in Tripura.

Which among the following tribal community is referred to in the above statement?

a) Bru
b) Abor
c) Lakher
d) Bodo

Answer: A
Recently in July Home Ministry announced that a “historic agreement” had been signed among the governments of Mizoram and Tripura and Mizoram Bru Displaced People’s Forum, it brought to an end a 21-year wait for over 32,000 Bru tribals, who had been displaced from Mizoram and were living in Tripura. Although the Brus have been seeking relief on the lines of that given to Kashmiri Pandits and Sri Lankan Tamil refugees, their story is not as well known.

5. Consider the following statements:

1. The Citizenship Rules, 2003 prescribe the manner of preparation of the National Register of Citizens.
2. The National Register of Citizens will include persons whose names appear in the electoral rolls up to the midnight of 24th March 1971.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register containing the names of all genuine Indian citizens residing in Assam. The register was first prepared after 1951, Census of India. The NRC is now being updated in Assam to include the names of those persons (or their descendants) who appear in the NRC, 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to midnight on 24 March 1971 or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to midnight of 24 March 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam or in any part of India on or before 24 March 1971. The update process of NRC started in the year 2013 under the strict monitoring of the Supreme Court of India. On the midnight of 31 December 2017, Part Draft NRC was released and subsequently on 30 July 2018, the Complete Draft NRC was released.
The Citizenship Act, 1955 provides for compulsory registration of every citizen of India and issuance of National Identity Card to him. The Citizenship Rules, 2003 framed under the Citizenship Act, 1955 prescribe the manner of preparation of the National Register of Citizens.
Those whose names aren’t included in the National Register of Citizens (NRC) list can be considered illegal citizens. • It will include persons whose names appear in any of the electoral rolls up to the midnight of 24th March 1971 or National Register of Citizens, 1951 and their descendants and those who had arrived post that date would be declared illegal immigrants. NRC applies to only one state in India, Assam.

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