1. Consider the following statements about ‘Swaraj Party’.
1. It was formed due to disagreement over legislative council entry.
2. Motilal Nehru was its first president.
3. It separated from the Indian National Congress in 1924.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2
c) 1 and 3
d) 1, 2 and 3
The Swaraj Party was established as the Congress-Khilafat Swaraj Party. It was a political party formed in India in January 1923 after the Gayaannual conference in December 1922 of the National Congress.
The two most important leaders were Chittaranjan Das, who was its president and Motilal Nehru, who was its secretary.
Gandhiji brought the strife between no-changers and Swarajists to an end. Both the parties signed the joint statement and declared that Swarajists would work in the council on behalf of and as an integral part of the Congress. This decision was endorsed in the December 1924 Belgaum Session of Congress in which Gandhi became president of congress for first and only one time.
2.Consider the following.
1. Tipu Sultan planted the ‘Tree of Liberty’ at his capital Seringapatnam.’
2. The 10th Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, had transformed the religious sect into a military brotherhood.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
ANSWER : C
3. Which of the following Acts had referred council as the Legislative Council?
a) Crown Act of 1858
b) Indian Councils Act of 1909
c) Indian Councils Act of 1892
d) Indian Councils Act of 1861
ANSWER : B
It was the first attempt to introduce a representative and popular element.
4. Who is often called as Hindu Luther of Northern India ?
a) Dayanand Saraswati
b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
c) Radhakant Dev
d) Keshav Chandra Sen
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a great 19th century Bengali scholar, reformer, writer and philanthropist, whose ideas remain relevant even in modern India. He had devoted his life to improving the status of Hindu widows and encouraging remarriage. The outcome of these efforts was the Hindu Widow Remarriage Act of 1856. That’s why he has come to be called the Hindu Luther of Northern India.
5. Which of the following is also known as Magna Carta of Indian Education?
a) Wood’s Despatch
b) Sadler Commission
c) Indian Universities Act 1904
d) Raleigh commission
Sir Charles Wood was the President of the Board of Control of the English East India Company. He had an important effect on spreading education in India when in 1854 he sent a despatch to Lord Dalhousie, the then Governor-General of India. He suggested that Primary Schools Must Adopt vernacular languages, High school must adopt Anglo Vernacular Language and on College Level English medium for education. This is known as Wood’s despatch.