POLL ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION 23.7.2020

1.) Which among the following followed the Jallianwalla Bagh tragedy?

1.Military and legal prosecution of Reginald E.H. Dyer

2.Renunciation of the British titles and positions by many Indians including Rabindranath Tagore

3.Change in Gandhi’s attitude towards the British government

4.Indian National Congress founded a trust in 1920 to build a memorial at the site

5.Martial Law was imposed in many parts of Punjab

Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] 1, 2, 3 & 4
[B] 2, 3, 4 & 5
[C] 3, 4 & 5
[D] 3 & 5

Answer: B

Due to the Military and legal prosecution of Reginald E.H. Dyer, the tragedy has been a great impact to Indian freedom struggle.

2.) Which among the following were brought under the provincial governments as per the Montgomery-Chelmsford Constitutional Reforms of 1919?

1. Public health and sanitation
2. Vital statistics
3. Local Self Government

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Answer: D

The Government of India no longer issued any instruction to Provincial Governments and each provincial Government was allowed to develop local self governing institutions according to provincial needs and requirements. It led to the transfer of public health, sanitation, and vital statistics to the provinces. This was first step in the decentralization of health administration in India.

3.) Which of the following is / are correct statements about Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev as well as Rajguru?

1. All of them were tried and subsequently executed for dropping two bombs in Central Legislative Assembly

2. All of them were cofounders of Naujawan Bharat Sabha

3. All of them were members of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

Select the correct statements from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 1 & 3
[C] Only 3
[D] Only 2 & 3

Answer: C

Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt were tried in the Assembly Bomb Case. They were given life imprisionment in this case. Later, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru were tried in Lahore Conspiracy Case and it was this tril that led them to their martyrdom. Naujawan Bharat Sabha founded by Graduates and Teachers of the National College, Lahore in 1924 to overthrow of the British Empire in India. Among the three, only Bhagat Singh was founder of this. It was soon declared a unlawful organization. All three were members of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, which was co-founded by Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and others (not sure about Rajguru if he was one of the founders).

4.) Consider the following pairs:

1. Permanent Settlement – Bengal, Bihar & Orissa
2. Ryotwari Settlement – Presidencies of Bombay and Madras
3. Mahalwari Settlement – North West Provinces
4. Zabit Settlement – Gujarat

Which of the above is/are correct?

[A] 1, 2 & 3 Only
[B] 3 & 4 Only
[C] 2, 3 & 4 Only
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer: D

Permanent settlement was introduced in 1793 by Lord Cornwallis and covered around one fifth of British territory in India, including Bengal, Bihar & Orissa. Ryotwari system of land tenure was introduced early in the nineteenth century in Presidencies of Bombay and Madras. Under this system the settlement was made by the government directly with the cultivator (ryot) who thus was the proprietor, but only for a period of time. Mahalwari system was introduced in the North West Provinces, the Punjab, Delhi, Parts of Central India and Uttar Pradesh In this system, the land was not owned by an individual be it zamindari or any cultivator but by a group of estates or villages called Mahal. The Mahal was collectively known as the landlord and revenue was collected from the head of the Mahal, also known as Talukdar. Zabit system was introduced in Gujarat.

5.) Which of the following events occurred during the reign of Warren Hastings as Governor-General of India?

1. First Mysore War
2. First Maratha War
3. Pitt’s India Act

Select the correct option from codes given below:

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 & 3 Only
[C] 1 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Answer: b

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *