POLL ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION 24.7.2020

1.) Consider the following statements about the Wavell Plan of 1945:

1. It recommended a new Executive Council to be formed at the Centre in which all but the Viceroy and the Commander in Chief will be Indians

2. It recommended transfer of all portfolios except the Defense to the Indian Members

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Wavell Plan also known as Breakdown Plan, was not accepted by the British, for whom, leaving without a universally agreed agreement was dishonourable. It also said that in case of a disagreement, the British should withdraw to the 6 Pakistan Provinces, and leaving the Congress to deal with rest of India.

2.) Which of the following acts introduced the principle of constitutional autocracy?

[A] Indian Councils Act, 1891
[B] Government of India Act, 1919
[C] Government of India act, 1935
[D] Independence of India Act, 1947

Answer: C

Constitutional autocracy introduced by Government of India Act, 1935 vested the executive authority of provinces in the Governors and of center, in the Governor-General on the behalf of the Crown.

3.) Consider the following statements about Wood’s Despatch:

1. It proposed setting up of several vernacular primary schools in the villages
2. It encouraged privatization in the field of education
3. It encouraged developing practical and vocational skills of Indian people
4. It recommended english as the language for higher education

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] Only 1, 2 & 3
[B] Only 2, 3 & 4
[C] Only 1, 3 & 4
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer: D

All given statements are correct. Charles Wood was a British Liberal politician and Member of Parliament. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1846 to 1852. Later he became the President of the Board of Control of the East India Company. In 1854 he sent the “Wood’s despatch” to the Governor General Lord Dalhousie. The Despatch is a very important educational document and holds a unique place in the history of Indian education. It is a long document of 100 paragraphs and deals with the various aspects of great educational importance. Important points of the despatch:

• It wanted to educate Indian people in order to create a class of civil servants

• It wanted to impart Western knowledge and information about Western Culture to the Indian people

• An education department was to be set in every province

• Universities on the model of the London University to be established in cities such as Bombay, Calcutta and Madras

• It proposed to establish at-least one government school in every district.

• It is called magnacarta of English Education in India

4.) Who among the following is associated to the Silk Letter Conspiracy?

[A] Bhikaiji Rustom Cama
[B] Mahatma Gandhi
[C] Subhash Chandra Bose
[D] Maulana Obeidullah Sindhi

Answer: D

The silk movement was organised by Deobandi leaders Maulana Obeidullah Sindhi and Maulana Barkatullah between 1913 and 1920, aimed at freeing India from the British rule by allying with Ottoman Turkey, Imperial Germany, and Afghanistan.

5.) Which of the following is / are correct statements about Sarojini Naidu?

1. She was first woman to become President of Indian National Congress
2. She was first woman to become the governor of an Indian state
3. She was awarded by British “Kaiser-i-Hind medal” for her contribution towards welfare of World War -I victims

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2
[C] Only 2 & 3
[D] Only 3

Answer: B

Sarojini Naidu was first Indian woman to become President of INC; first woman was Annie Besant. Thus, first statement is incorrect. Second is correct. Third is incorrect because she was awarded by British “Kaiser-i-Hind medal” for her work during the plague epidemic in India

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