1.) During the colonial period in India, what was the purpose of the Whitley Commission?
(a) To review the fitness of India for further political reforms.
(b) To report on existing conditions of labour and to make recommendations.
(c) To draw up a plan for financial reforms for India.
(d) To develop a comprehensive scheme for Civil Services in India.
Whitley chaired the Royal Commission on Labour in India, which reported in 1931.
2.) With reference to the entry of European powers into India, which one of the following statements is not correct?
(a) The Portuguese captured Goa in 1499.
(b) The English opened their first factory in South India at Masulipatam.
(c) In Eastern India, the English Company opened its first factory in Orissa in 1633.
(d) Under the leadership of Dupleix, the French occupied Madras in 1746.
The Portuguese captured Goa from rulers of Bijapur in 1510 and not in 1499.
3.) In India, among the following locations, the Dutch established their earliest factory at:
(a) Surat (b) Pulicat (c) Cochin (d) Cassimbazar
The Dutch East India Company in India, established the first factory in Masulipattanam in 1605, followed by Pulicat in 1610, Surat in 1616, Bimilipatam in 1641 and Chinsura in 1653.
4.) The aim of education as stated by the Wood’s Despatch of 1854 was:
(a) the creation of employment opportunities for native Indians
(b) the spread of western culture in India
(c) the promotion of literacy among the people using English medium
(d) the introduction of scientific research and rationalism in the traditional Indian education
Wood’s Despatch of 1854 are considered as the Magna Carta of English education in India. Statement (C) is incorrect as it recommended English as the medium of instructions for higher studies and vernaculars at school level.
5.) Which one of the following statements is not correct?
(a) Ali Mardan Khan introduced the system of revenue farming in Bengal.
(b) Maharaja Ranjit Singh set up modern foundries to manufacture cannons at Lahore.
(c) Sawai Jai Singh of Amber had Euclid’s Elements of Geometry’ translated into Sanskrit.
(d) Sultan Tipu of Mysore gave money for the construction of the idol of Goddess Sharda in the Shringeri temple.
Farrukhsiyar introduced revenue farming in Bengal.