1.) Consider the following statements:
- Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar founded the Bethune School at Calcutta with the main aim of encouraging education for women.
- Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was the first graduate of the Calcutta University.
- Keshav Chandra Sen’s campaign against Sati led to the enactment of a law to ban Sati by the Governor General.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 (c) 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
Statement 3 is incorrect as Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s campaign against Sati led to the enactment of Bengal Regulation Act of 1829 to ban Sati by Governor- General William Bentick. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Gattunath Bose were the first graduates of the Calcutta University on Jan 30, 1858. JED Bethune founded the Bethune School in Calcutta in 1849. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was also associated with this. That’s why the best possible answer here is option (b).
2.) Who among the following repealed the Vernacular Press Act?
(a) Lord Dufferin (b) Lord Ripon (c) Lord Curzon (d) Lord Hardinge
Lord Lytton brought Vernacular Press Act came in to force in 1878. It was repealed by Lord Ripon in 1882.
3.) Which one of the following is the correct statement?
(a) The modern Kochi was a Dutch colony till India’s independence.
(b) The Dutch defeated the Portuguese and built Fort Williams in the modern Kochi.
(c) The modern Kochi was first a Dutch colony before the Portuguese took over.
(d) The modern Kochi never became a part of a British colony.
Modern Kochi became a part of the British colony after being a Dutch colony. Kochi was first a Portuguese colony. Fort Williams was built in Kochi by the Dutch.
4.) Consider the following statements:
- Warren Hastings was the first Governor General who established a regular police force in India on the British pattern.
- A Supreme Court was established at Calcutta by the Regulating Act, 1773.
- The Indian Penal Code came into effect in the year 1860.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
Statement 1 is incorrect as Lord Curzon was the first Governor General who established a regular police force in India on the British pattern. A Supreme Court was established at Fort Williams by the Regulating Act, 1773 with jurisdiction over Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
5.) Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the battles fought in India in the 18th Century?
(a) Battle of Wandiwash–Battle of Buxar–Battle of Ambur–Battle of Plassey
(b) Battle of Ambur–Battle of Plassey–Battle of Wandiwash–Battle of Buxar
(c) Battle of Wandiwash–Battle of Plassey–Battle of Ambur–Battle of Buxar
(d) Battle of Ambur–Battle of Buxar–Battle of Wandiwash–Battle of Plassey
Battle of Ambur-1749, Battle of Plassey-1757, Battle of Wandiwash-1760, Battle of Buxar-1764.