POLL ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION 29.06.2020

1.) Who among the following was a proponent of Fabianism as a movement? 

(a) Annie Besant

(b) A.O. Hume

(c) Michael Madhusudan Dutt

(d) R. Palme Dutt

Answer (a)

The Fabian Society is a British socialist intellectual movement best known for its initial ground-breaking work beginning in the late 19th century and then up to World War I. Fabianism focused on the advancement of socialist ideas through gradual influence and patiently insinuating socialist ideology into intellectual circles and groups with power.

2.) Consider the following statements:

  1. The Charter Act, 1853 abolished East India Company monopoly of Indian trade.
  2. Under the Government of India Act, 1858 the British Parliament abolished the rule of East India Company and undertook the responsibility of ruling India directly.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (b)

The Charter Act, 1813 (not 1853) abolished East India Company monopoly of Indian trade.

3.) Which one of the following revolts was made famous by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in his novel ‘Anand Math’?

(a) Bhil uprising

(b) Rangpur and Dinapur uprising

(c) Bishnupur and Birbhum rebellion

(d) Sanyasi rebellion

Answer (d)

Anand Math is a Bengali novel, written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee and published in 1882. Set in the background of the Sanyasi Rebellion in the late 18th century.

4.) With reference to the ‘revolt of the year’ who of the following was betrayed by ‘friend’ captured and put to death by the British?

(a) Nana Sahib

(b) Kunwar Singh

(c) Khan Bahadur Khan

(d) Tatya Tope

Answer (d)

The British forces had failed to subdue him for over a year. He was however betrayed into the hands of the British by his trusted friend, Man Singh, while asleep in his camp in the Paron forest. He was captured on 7 April 1859 by a detachment of native infantry from British General Richard John Meade’s troops led to him by Singh and escorted to Shivpuri where he was tried by a military court.

5.) Who was the Governor-General of India during the Sepoy Mutiny?

(a) Lord Canning (b) Lord Dalhousie (c) Lord Hardings (d) Lord Lytton

Answer (a)

Revolt of 1857 is referred as Sepoy Mutiny by many historians. After the mutiny Lord Canning was made the Viceroy and power was transferred from the East India Company to the British crown by Act of 1858.

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