1.) Who among the following started the newspaper home Prakash?
(a) Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) Raja Rammohan Roy
(d) Surendranath Banerjee
It was started by Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar.
2.) The ruler of which one of the following States was removed from power by the British on the pretext of misgovernance?
(a) Awadh (b) Jhansi (c) Nagpur (d) Satara
Other three states were annexed under the Doctrine of Lapse by Lord Dalhousie. But doctrine of Lapse was not applicable on Awadh as Nawab Wazid Ali Shah had many children. Therefore, Dalhousie annexed Awadh on the pretext of misgovernance in 1856. Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854) and Satara (1848)
3.) The First Factory Act restricting the working hours of women and children and authorizing local government to make necessary rules was adopted during whose time?
(a) Lord Lytton (b) Lord Bentinck (c) Lord Ripon (d) Lord Canning
The First Factory Act was passed in 1881 during the time of Lord Ripon. It was passed to improve the service condition of the factory workers in India. It fixed the working hours for women and children above the age of seven years.
4.) Who among the following Europeans were the last to come to pre-independence India as traders?
(a) Dutch (b) English (c) French (d) Portuguese
Portuguese (1498); Dutch (1602); English (1599); French (1664).
5.) Consider the following statements:
- Robert Clive was the first Governor-General of Bengal.
- William Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
Statement 1 is incorrect as Warren Hastings was the first governor-general of Bengal.