UPSC PRELIMS QUIZ 2020 – 04.12.2019 | IASBYHEART

1. With reference to solstice, consider the following statements:

1. In winter Solstice, on 22nd December the sun’s rays fall vertically at the Tropic of Cancer.

2. In Summer Solstice, on 21st June the sun’s rays fall vertically at the Tropic of Capricorn.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a)1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 or 2

 

2. Consider the following statements:

1. The Rhine valley and the Vosges Mountains are examples of the fold mountain system.

2. Horsts and graben is landform feature of the block mountain.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 or 2

 

3. The Andes mountain system runs from the Caribbean Sea to the very southern tip of South America as a continual range of highlands along the Western coast of the Continent.

Consider the following statement/s in this context.

1. Andes mountain systems are geologically old and structurally fold mountains.

2. Andes range is the world’s highest mountain range outside of Asia.

3. Cotopaxi is an active volcano in the Andes Mountains.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 1 only

c) All the above

d) 2 and 3 only

 

4. Consider the following statements:

1. As the earth rotates from west to east those places east of Greenwich will be ahead of Greenwich time and those to the west will be behind it.

2. There will be a difference of about 1 hour and 45 minutes in the local times of western most and eastern most point in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 or 2

 

5. Consider the following statements:

1. The Arctic Ocean is connected with the Pacific Ocean by Alaska strait.

2. Europe and Asia are separated by Ural mountains.

Which among the above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 or 2

 

6. Which of the following assertions is/are false?

a) The main mineral constituents of the continental mass are silica and alumina.

b)  The oceanic crust mainly consists of silica and iron.

c) Mantle is present, just beneath the crust.

d) The innermost layer of the earth is called the core, which is mainly made up of nickel and iron.

 

7.Which layer forms the highest part of the Earth’s total volume?

a) Core

b) Crust

c) Mantle

d) The volume of the three layers is equal

 

8. Which of the following statements is/are true?

1. During the earthquake, the place on the crust where the movement starts is called the epicentre.

2. The vent (opening) in the earth’s crust through which molten material erupts suddenly is called crater.

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 or 2

 

9. Which of the following assertions related to the stratosphere is/are true?

1. The sphere above the troposphere is called stratosphere.

2. This layer is almost free from clouds and associated weather phenomenon.

3. It contains a layer of ozone gas.

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above

 

10. Consider the following statements:

1. The water of the earth closer to the moon gets pulled under the influence of the moon’s gravitational force and causes high tide.

2. When the Moon and the Sun make right angles on the Earth then the lower tide comes.

Which of the above assertions is/are true?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 or 2

 

11. Read the following assertions carefully:

1. These forests are located in the mid-latitudinal coastal region.

2. These forests are commonly found along the eastern margin of the continents.

3. They comprise of both hard and soft wood trees.

The above assertions tell the characteristics of which type of forests?

a) Tropical deciduous forest

b) Temperate evergreen forests

c) Temperate deciduous forest

d) Mediterranean vegetable

 

12. In the context of the Amazon River Basin, which of the following assertions is/are true?

1. The Amazon Basin stretches directly on the equator and is characterized by hot and wet climate throughout the year.

2. Both day and nights are almost equally hot and humid.

3. It rains almost everyday, that too without much warning.

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above

 

13. Parasitic plants such as orchid and bromeliads grow in which type of forest areas?

a) Rain Forests

b) Monsoon Forest

c) Mediterranean Forest

d) Coniferous Forest

 

14. In the context of the RainForest of Amazon river basin, what is ‘Maloca’?

a) A specific type of organism found here.

b) The main food items of its inhabitants.

c) The houses built by the people living here.

d) Agricultural system adopted by the people here.

 

15. Regarding the ‘Prairie’ grasslands, consider the following assertions:

1. These are Tropical grasslands of North America.

2. These grasslands are bound by Rocky Mountains in the West and the Great Lakes in the East.

3. The grasslands of Prairies were the home of native Americans often called “Red Indians”

4. Bison or the American buffalo is the most important animal of this region.

Use the code given below to choose the correct answer:

a) 1 and 4 only

b) 1, 2 and 3 only

c) 2, 3 and 4 only

d) All of the above

 

16. Consider the following assertions:

1. ‘Oasis’ is the area of deserts where large quantities of animal husbandry is done.

2. In the depressions where underground water reaches the surface, an oasis is formed. These areas are fertile.

3. A fertile area around the desert which is gripped by the dispersal of the desert, such areas are called oasis.

4. The area of the desert where the plains of the gravel and the elevated plateau of naked rocky surface are found are called the oasis.

Which of the above assertions correctly defines/define an oasis?

a) 1 and 2

b) 3 and 4

c) 2 only

d) 3 only

 

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